I.         N. Lykov, Ph. D. (Biology) Dr. Habil., Professor, Scientific advisor for the Institute of Natural Science,

Tsiolkovskiy Kaluga State University, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.;

A.       A. Loginov, Ph. D. (Chemistry), Tsiolkovskiy Kaluga State University, researcher, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.;

N. I. Volykhina, Municipal Unitary Enterprise "Solid waste landfill", Director;

E.        A. Tarasova, Municipal Unitary Enterprise "Solid waste landfill", Chief Specialist.

Kaluga, Ruassia


In Russia, more than 40 million tons of solid municipal waste are generated annually. About 95—96 % are located on landfills of solid household waste and only 4—5 % are involved in processing. To date, this method of handling waste is the least expensive, but also the most dangerous for the environment.

In the body of the polygon, physical, chemical and biochemical processes occur, as a result of which methane is formed. Migration of methane from the landfill to the environment is a serious environmental problem in the form of a greenhouse effect. This article provides a brief overview of the methane utilization methods. The data on the influence of limestone waste on the reduction of methane emissions on the solid municipal waste landfill and the sorption of heavy metals are given.

The article considers the biogeochemical zoning of the process of biodegradation of solid municipal waste. The authors give data on the composition of biogas and the features of its emission into the environment. The results of absorption of heavy metals by limestone waste are presented.


solid municipal waste landfill, methane emission, limestone waste, layered insulation.


1.      Lykov I. N. Methanogenesis and global climatic processes / I. N. Lykov, S. A. Safronova, M. I. Morozenko, G. V. Efremov. Nature. No. 8. 2009. P. 40—44. [in Russian]

2.      Lykov I. N., Shestakova G. A., Ptushkina L. E., Zyakun A. M. Generation of methane by solid waste landfills. Solid household waste. 2011. No. 12. P. 22—26. [in Russian]

3.      Muraviev A. I., Baskunov B. P., Laurinavichus K. S., Zakharchenko V. N., Peshenko V. P., Lykov I. N., Shestakova G. A., Zyakun A. M. Using isotope mass spectrometry for estimating the scale of biogenic methane emission into the atmosphere. Mass spectrometry. 2009. Vol. 6. No. 1. P. 21—30. [in Russian]

4.      Abramov N. F., Proskuryakov A. F. Collection and utilization of biogas on landfills of solid household waste: Overview. No. 1 (30). Moscow, TsBNTI of the Ministry of Housing and Communal Services of the RSFSR, 1989. [in Russian]

5.      Lifshits A. B., Gurvich V. I. Utilization of landfill biogas — World practice, Russian prospects. Clean city. 1999. No. 2. P. 8—17. [in Russian]

6.      Sadchikov A. V. Degassing of landfills of solid municipal waste. Fundamental research. 2017. No. 2. P. 82—86. [in Russian]

7.      Elistratov V. V., Kubyshkin L. I., Maslikov V. I., Pokrovskaya E. R. Substantiation of complex energy technologies on solid domestic waste landfills. Energy Policy. 2001. No. 3. P. 38—41. [in Russian]

8.      Netrebin Yu. Ya. Decrease in gas emission of places of storage of a firm household waste after the end of their operation. Abstract ... for Ph. D. in Engineering. Perm, 2004. [in Russian]

9.      St^pniewski W., Pawowska M. A Possibility to Reduce Methane Emission from Landfills by Its Oxidation in the Soil Cover, Chemistry from the Protection of the Environment 2. Environmental Science Research. 2007. Vol. 51. New York: Plenum Press. P. 75—92.

10.  Kjeldsen, P., Scheutz, C. (2014). Reduction of methane emission from landfills using bio-mitigation systems — from lab tests to full scale implementation. Paper presented at EurAsia Waste Management Symposium. EurAsia Waste Management Sympo­sium, 28—30 April 2014, YTU 2010 Congress Center, istanbul/ Turkiye.] Istanbul, Turkey. EurAsia_Waste_Management_Symposium_Kjeldsen_revised.pdf.