G.S. Rozenberg, Ph. D. (Biology), Dr. Habil, Corresponding Member of the RAS, Chief Researcher, Institute of Ecology of the Volga River Basin of the RAS, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., Togliatti, Russia


The results of the comparison of the indicators of sustainable development (human development index [HDI] and ecological footprint [EF]) for the territories of Western and Central Europe and the Volga Basin are discussed. It is shown that the HDI (except for Moscow, the Republics of Tatarstan and Bashkortostan and the Vladimir Region) all the territories of the Volga Basin “lag” behind the European countries. According to the EF index (in fact, the impact on ecosystems), the territories have “mixed” more evenly, although for the regions of the Volga Basin the “ecological footprint” is greater (the maximum [of the analyzed European countries] is marked for Belgium and it is almost two times less than for the Moscow Region — the maximum EF for the Volga Basin). The heterogeneity of the territory of the Volga Basin in terms of most indicators of sustainable development is increasing in time. In order to minimize the threats and risks of sustainable development of socio- ecological and economic systems, it is necessary to take into account all aspects (environmental, social, economic) in the regional policy of the Federal government, the challenges of globalization and regionalization, to form the competence of environmental thinking in training in all areas.


Europe, the Volga, sustainable development, ecological footprint, indices.

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