Economic, social, political and recreational geography



  1. L. S. Parshina, Post-graduate student, Institute of Geography Russian Academy of Sciences (IG RAS), This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.,
  2. Moscow, Russia

A lot of projects are offered in India to solve the most acute environmental problems of the country, but the implementation is often complicated because of the division of competences between the Union and the states. A solution to the contradictions could be the allocation of new areas following the example of the Zonal Councils. The regions can be identified applying the basin approach to territorial zoning, with some additions that are based on socio-economic characteristics of the states of India. One of the departments of the Ministry of Agriculture of India proposed the allocation of 35 river basins, the comparison of which with the typology of the Indian states according to natural and socio-economic characteristics allows us to distinguish 10 regions. The article discusses the distribution of environmental competences between the center and the states, highlights the most acute environmental problems in India and the approaches to solve them; suggests a possible way of identifying the areas of the country due to the basin principle of zoning and socio-economic analysis of the Indian states.


India, federation, environmental management, environmental issues, basin concept, zoning.

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