DOI: 10.24411/1728-323X-2018-13077


Physical geography and biogeography, soil geography and landscape geochemistry




A.F. Zhirkov, Researcher, Melnikov Permafrost Institute SB RAS, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.;

P. P. Permyakov, Ph. D. (Physics and Mathimatics), Dr. Habil., Larionov Institute of Physical and Technical Problems of the North,

SB RAS, Melnikov Permafrost Institute, SB RAS, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.,

M. N. Zheleznyak, Ph. D. (Geology and Minerology), Dr. Habil., Melnikov Permafrost Institute SB RAS, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.. Yakutsk,



Frozen soils are closely connected with the surface conditions of the Earth, for they owe it to their origin and existence. However, in severe climatic conditions, even at an average annual air temperature of -8 °C, there are separate regions where rock temperatures have values around zero degrees. To explain the phenomena of this nature, the process of subsoil condensation, which is an internal source of heat and moisture, has been studied. A mathematical model of heat and moisture transfer is developed taking into account the process of subsoil condensation as an internal source ofheat and moisture. For the conditions of Central Yakutia, two periods are revealed when the process of subsoil condensation has a multidirectional effect (cooling and heating) during the formation of the heat and moisture regime of the soils of the active layer.


permafrost, active layer, thermal and moisture regime of soils, subsoil condensation.


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